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MAN page from OpenSuSE coreutils-doc-8.32-1.1.noarch.rpm

CP

Section: User Commands (1)
Updated: October 2020
Index 

NAME

cp - copy files and directories 

SYNOPSIS

cp[,OPTION/]... [,-T/] ,SOURCE DEST/
cp[,OPTION/]... ,SOURCE/... ,DIRECTORY/
cp[,OPTION/]... ,-t DIRECTORY SOURCE/... 

DESCRIPTION

Copy SOURCE to DEST, or multiple SOURCE(s) to DIRECTORY.

Mandatory arguments to long options are mandatory for short options too.

-a, --archive
same as -dR --preserve=,all/
--attributes-only
don't copy the file data, just the attributes
--backup[=,CONTROL/]
make a backup of each existing destination file
-b
like --backup but does not accept an argument
--copy-contents
copy contents of special files when recursive
-d
same as --no-dereference --preserve=,links/
-f, --force
if an existing destination file cannot beopened, remove it and try again (this optionis ignored when the -n option is also used)
-i, --interactive
prompt before overwrite (overrides a previous -noption)
-H
follow command-line symbolic links in SOURCE
-l, --link
hard link files instead of copying
-L, --dereference
always follow symbolic links in SOURCE
-n, --no-clobber
do not overwrite an existing file (overridesa previous -i option)
-P, --no-dereference
never follow symbolic links in SOURCE
-p
same as --preserve=,mode/,ownership,timestamps
--preserve[=,ATTR_LIST/]
preserve the specified attributes (default:mode,ownership,timestamps), if possibleadditional attributes: context, links, xattr,all
--no-preserve=,ATTR_LIST/
don't preserve the specified attributes
--parents
use full source file name under DIRECTORY
-R, -r, --recursive
copy directories recursively
--reflink[=,WHEN/]
control clone/CoW copies. See below
--remove-destination
remove each existing destination file beforeattempting to open it (contrast with --force)
--sparse=,WHEN/
control creation of sparse files. See below
--strip-trailing-slashes
remove any trailing slashes from each SOURCEargument
-s, --symbolic-link
make symbolic links instead of copying
-S, --suffix=,SUFFIX/
override the usual backup suffix
-t, --target-directory=,DIRECTORY/
copy all SOURCE arguments into DIRECTORY
-T, --no-target-directory
treat DEST as a normal file
-u, --update
copy only when the SOURCE file is newerthan the destination file or when thedestination file is missing
-v, --verbose
explain what is being done
-x, --one-file-system
stay on this file system
-Z
set SELinux security context of destinationfile to default type
--context[=,CTX/]
like -Z, or if CTX is specified then set theSELinux or SMACK security context to CTX
--help
display this help and exit
--version
output version information and exit

By default, sparse SOURCE files are detected by a crude heuristic and thecorresponding DEST file is made sparse as well. That is the behaviorselected by --sparse=,auto/. Specify --sparse=,always/ to create a sparse DESTfile whenever the SOURCE file contains a long enough sequence of zero bytes.Use --sparse=,never/ to inhibit creation of sparse files.

When --reflink[=,always/] is specified, perform a lightweight copy, where thedata blocks are copied only when modified. If this is not possible the copyfails, or if --reflink=,auto/ is specified, fall back to a standard copy.Use --reflink=,never/ to ensure a standard copy is performed.

The backup suffix is '~', unless set with --suffix or SIMPLE_BACKUP_SUFFIX.The version control method may be selected via the --backup option or throughthe VERSION_CONTROL environment variable. Here are the values:

none, off
never make backups (even if --backup is given)
numbered, t
make numbered backups
existing, nil
numbered if numbered backups exist, simple otherwise
simple, never
always make simple backups

As a special case, cp makes a backup of SOURCE when the force and backupoptions are given and SOURCE and DEST are the same name for an existing,regular file. 

AUTHOR

Written by Torbjorn Granlund, David MacKenzie, and Jim Meyering. 

REPORTING BUGS

GNU coreutils online help: <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/>
Report any translation bugs to <https://translationproject.org/team/> 

COPYRIGHT

Copyright © 2020 Free Software Foundation, Inc.License GPLv3+: GNU GPL version 3 or later <https://gnu.org/licenses/gpl.html>.
This is free software: you are free to change and redistribute it.There is NO WARRANTY, to the extent permitted by law. 

SEE ALSO

Full documentation <https://www.gnu.org/software/coreutils/cp>
or available locally via: info aq(coreutils) cp invocationaq


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
AUTHOR
REPORTING BUGS
COPYRIGHT
SEE ALSO

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