MAN page from OpenSuSE shadow-4.6-lp184.108.40.206.x86_64.rpm
Section: System Management Commands (8)
grpck - verify integrity of group files
- grpck [options] [group [ shadow ]]
DESCRIPTIONThegrpckcommand verifies the integrity of the groups information. It checks that all entries in/etc/groupand /etc/gshadowhave the proper format and contain valid data. The user is prompted to delete entries that are improperly formatted or which have other uncorrectable errors.
Checks are made to verify that each entry has:
- *the correct number of fields
- *a unique and valid group name
- *a valid group identifier(/etc/group only)
- *a valid list of membersand administrators
- *a corresponding entry in the/etc/gshadowfile (respectively/etc/groupfor thegshadowchecks)
The checks for correct number of fields and unique group name are fatal. If an entry has the wrong number of fields, the user will be prompted to delete the entire line. If the user does not answer affirmatively, all further checks are bypassed. An entry with a duplicated group name is prompted for deletion, but the remaining checks will still be made. All other errors are warnings and the user is encouraged to run thegroupmodcommand to correct the error.
The commands which operate on the/etc/groupand /etc/gshadow filesare not able to alter corrupted or duplicated entries.grpckshould be used in those circumstances to remove the offending entries.
The-rand-soptions cannot be combined.
The options which apply to thegrpckcommand are:
- Display help message and exit.
- Execute thegrpckcommand in read-only mode. This causes all questions regarding changes to be answerednowithout user intervention.
-R, --root CHROOT_DIR
- Apply changes in theCHROOT_DIRdirectory and use the configuration files from theCHROOT_DIRdirectory.
- Sort entries in/etc/groupand /etc/gshadowby GID.
By default,grpckoperates on/etc/groupand /etc/gshadow. The user may select alternate files with thegroupand shadow parameters.
The following configuration variables in/etc/login.defschange the behavior of this tool:
- Maximum members per group entry. When the maximum is reached, a new group entry (line) is started in/etc/group(with the same name, same password, and same GID).
The default value is 0, meaning that there are no limits in the number of members in a group.
This feature (split group) permits to limit the length of lines in the group file. This is useful to make sure that lines for NIS groups are not larger than 1024 characters.
If you need to enforce such limit, you can use 25.
Note: split groups may not be supported by all tools (even in the Shadow toolsuite). You should not use this variable unless you really need it.
- Group account information.
- Secure group account information.
- User account information.
Thegrpckcommand exits with the following values:
- invalid command syntax
- one or more bad group entries
- can't open group files
- can't lock group files
- can't update group files
- EXIT VALUES
- SEE ALSO
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