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MAN page from OpenSuSE perl-Mojo-Pg-4.09-2.1.noarch.rpm

Mojo::Pg::Database

Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (3)
Updated: 2018-08-01
Index 

NAME

Mojo::Pg::Database - Database 

SYNOPSIS

  use Mojo::Pg::Database;  my $db = Mojo::Pg::Database->new(pg => $pg, dbh => $dbh);  $db->query('select * from foo')    ->hashes->map(sub { $_->{bar} })->join("\n")->say;
 

DESCRIPTION

Mojo::Pg::Database is a container for DBD::Pg database handles used byMojo::Pg. 

EVENTS

Mojo::Pg::Database inherits all events from Mojo::EventEmitter and canemit the following new ones. 

close

  $db->on(close => sub {    my $db = shift;    ...  });

Emitted when the database connection gets closed while waiting fornotifications. 

notification

  $db->on(notification => sub {    my ($db, $name, $pid, $payload) = @_;    ...  });

Emitted when a notification has been received. 

ATTRIBUTES

Mojo::Pg::Database implements the following attributes. 

dbh

  my $dbh = $db->dbh;  $db     = $db->dbh($dbh);

DBD::Pg database handle used for all queries.

  # Use DBI utility methods  my $quoted = $db->dbh->quote_identifier('foo.bar');
 

pg

  my $pg = $db->pg;  $db    = $db->pg(Mojo::Pg->new);

Mojo::Pg object this database belongs to. 

results_class

  my $class = $db->results_class;  $db       = $db->results_class('MyApp::Results');

Class to be used by ``query'', defaults to Mojo::Pg::Results. Note thatthis class needs to have already been loaded before ``query'' is called. 

METHODS

Mojo::Pg::Database inherits all methods from Mojo::EventEmitter andimplements the following new ones. 

begin

  my $tx = $db->begin;

Begin transaction and return Mojo::Pg::Transaction object, which willautomatically roll back the transaction unless``commit'' in Mojo::Pg::Transaction has been called before it is destroyed.

  # Insert rows in a transaction  eval {    my $tx = $db->begin;    $db->insert('frameworks', {name => 'Catalyst'});    $db->insert('frameworks', {name => 'Mojolicious'});    $tx->commit;  };  say $@ if $@;
 

delete

  my $results = $db->delete($table, \%where, \%options);

Generate a "DELETE" statement with ``abstract'' in Mojo::Pg (usually anSQL::Abstract::Pg object) and execute it with ``query''. You can alsoappend a callback to perform operations non-blocking.

  $db->delete(some_table => sub {    my ($db, $err, $results) = @_;    ...  });  Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

Use all the same argument variations you would pass to the "delete" method ofSQL::Abstract.

  # "delete from some_table"  $db->delete('some_table');  # "delete from some_table where foo = 'bar'"  $db->delete('some_table', {foo => 'bar'});  # "delete from some_table where foo like '%test%'"  $db->delete('some_table', {foo => {-like => '%test%'}});  # "delete from some_table where foo = 'bar' returning id"  $db->delete('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {returning => 'id'});
 

delete_p

  my $promise = $db->delete_p($table, \%where, \%options);

Same as ``delete'', but performs all operations non-blocking and returns aMojo::Promise object instead of accepting a callback.

  $db->delete_p('some_table')->then(sub {    my $results = shift;    ...  })->catch(sub {    my $err = shift;    ...  })->wait;
 

disconnect

  $db->disconnect;

Disconnect ``dbh'' and prevent it from getting reused. 

dollar_only

  $db = $db->dollar_only;

Activate "pg_placeholder_dollaronly" for next ``query'' call and allow "?"to be used as an operator.

  # Check for a key in a JSON document  $db->dollar_only->query('select * from foo where bar ? $1', 'baz')    ->expand->hashes->map(sub { $_->{bar}{baz} })->join("\n")->say;
 

insert

  my $results = $db->insert($table, \@values || \%fieldvals, \%options);

Generate an "INSERT" statement with ``abstract'' in Mojo::Pg (usually anSQL::Abstract::Pg object) and execute it with ``query''. You can alsoappend a callback to perform operations non-blocking.

  $db->insert(some_table => {foo => 'bar'} => sub {    my ($db, $err, $results) = @_;    ...  });  Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

Use all the same argument variations you would pass to the "insert" method ofSQL::Abstract.

  # "insert into some_table (foo, baz) values ('bar', 'yada')"  $db->insert('some_table', {foo => 'bar', baz => 'yada'});  # "insert into some_table (foo) values ({1,2,3})"  $db->insert('some_table', {foo => [1, 2, 3]});  # "insert into some_table (foo) values ('bar') returning id"  $db->insert('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {returning => 'id'});  # "insert into some_table (foo) values ('bar') returning id, foo"  $db->insert('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {returning => ['id', 'foo']});

As well as some PostgreSQL specific extensions added by SQL::Abstract::Pg.

  # "insert into some_table (foo) values ('bar') on conflict do nothing"  $db->insert('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {on_conflict => undef});

Including operations commonly referred to as "upsert".

  # "insert into t (a) values ('b') on conflict (a) do update set a = 'c'"  $db->insert('t', {a => 'b'}, {on_conflict => [a => {a => 'c'}]});  # "insert into t (a, b) values ('c', 'd')  #  on conflict (a, b) do update set a = 'e'"  $db->insert(    't', {a => 'c', b => 'd'}, {on_conflict => [['a', 'b'] => {a => 'e'}]});
 

insert_p

  my $promise = $db->insert_p($table, \@values || \%fieldvals, \%options);

Same as ``insert'', but performs all operations non-blocking and returns aMojo::Promise object instead of accepting a callback.

  $db->insert_p(some_table => {foo => 'bar'})->then(sub {    my $results = shift;    ...  })->catch(sub {    my $err = shift;    ...  })->wait;
 

is_listening

  my $bool = $db->is_listening;

Check if ``dbh'' is listening for notifications. 

listen

  $db = $db->listen('foo');

Subscribe to a channel and receive ``notification'' events when theMojo::IOLoop event loop is running. 

notify

  $db = $db->notify('foo');  $db = $db->notify(foo => 'bar');

Notify a channel. 

pid

  my $pid = $db->pid;

Return the process id of the backend server process. 

ping

  my $bool = $db->ping;

Check database connection. 

query

  my $results = $db->query('select * from foo');  my $results = $db->query('insert into foo values (?, ?, ?)', @values);  my $results = $db->query('select ?::json as foo', {json => {bar => 'baz'}});

Execute a blocking SQL <http://www.postgresql.org/docs/current/static/sql.html>statement and return a results object based on ``results_class'' (which isusually Mojo::Pg::Results) with the query results. The DBD::Pg statementhandle will be automatically reused when it is not active anymore, to increasethe performance of future queries. You can also append a callback to performoperations non-blocking.

  $db->query('insert into foo values (?, ?, ?)' => @values => sub {    my ($db, $err, $results) = @_;    ...  });  Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

Hash reference arguments containing a value named "json", will be encoded toJSON text with ``to_json'' in Mojo::JSON. To accomplish the reverse, you can usethe method ``expand'' in Mojo::Pg::Results, which automatically decodes all fieldsof the types "json" and "jsonb" with ``from_json'' in Mojo::JSON to Perl values.

  # "I X Mojolicious!"  $db->query('select ?::jsonb as foo', {json => {bar => 'I X Mojolicious!'}})    ->expand->hash->{foo}{bar};

Hash reference arguments containing values named "type" and "value", can beused to bind specific DBD::Pg data types to placeholders.

  # Insert binary data  use DBD::Pg ':pg_types';  $db->query('insert into bar values (?)', {type => PG_BYTEA, value => $bytes});
 

query_p

  my $promise = $db->query_p('select * from foo');

Same as ``query'', but performs all operations non-blocking and returns aMojo::Promise object instead of accepting a callback.

  $db->query_p('insert into foo values (?, ?, ?)' => @values)->then(sub {    my $results = shift;    ...  })->catch(sub {    my $err = shift;    ...  })->wait;
 

select

  my $results = $db->select($source, $fields, $where, \%options);

Generate a "SELECT" statement with ``abstract'' in Mojo::Pg (usually anSQL::Abstract::Pg object) and execute it with ``query''. You can alsoappend a callback to perform operations non-blocking.

  $db->select(some_table => ['foo'] => {bar => 'yada'} => sub {    my ($db, $err, $results) = @_;    ...  });  Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

Use all the same argument variations you would pass to the "select" method ofSQL::Abstract.

  # "select * from some_table"  $db->select('some_table');  # "select id, foo from some_table"  $db->select('some_table', ['id', 'foo']);  # "select * from some_table where foo = 'bar'"  $db->select('some_table', undef, {foo => 'bar'});  # "select * from some_table where foo like '%test%'"  $db->select('some_table', undef, {foo => {-like => '%test%'}});

As well as some PostgreSQL specific extensions added by SQL::Abstract::Pg.

  # "select * from foo join bar on (bar.foo_id = foo.id)"  $db->select(['foo', ['bar', foo_id => 'id']]);  # "select * from foo left join bar on (bar.foo_id = foo.id)"  $db->select(['foo', [-left => 'bar', foo_id => 'id']]);  # "select foo as bar from some_table"  $db->select('some_table', [[foo => 'bar']]);  # "select * from some_table where foo = '[1,2,3]'"  $db->select('some_table', '*', {foo => {'=' => {-json => [1, 2, 3]}}});  # "select extract(epoch from foo) as foo, bar from some_table"  $db->select('some_table', [\'extract(epoch from foo) as foo', 'bar']);  # "select 'test' as foo, bar from some_table"  $db->select('some_table', [\['? as foo', 'test'], 'bar']);

Including a new last argument to pass many new options.

  # "select * from some_table where foo = 'bar' order by id desc"  $db->select('some_table', '*', {foo => 'bar'}, {order_by => {-desc => 'id'}});  # "select * from some_table limit 10 offset 20"  $db->select('some_table', '*', undef, {limit => 10, offset => 20});  # "select * from some_table where foo = 23 group by foo, bar"  $db->select('some_table', '*', {foo => 23}, {group_by => ['foo', 'bar']});  # "select * from t where a = 'b' group by c having d = 'e'"  $db->select('t', '*', {a => 'b'}, {group_by => ['c'], having => {d => 'e'}});  # "select * from some_table where id = 1 for update"  $db->select('some_table', '*', {id => 1}, {for => 'update'});  # "select * from some_table where id = 1 for update skip locked"  $db->select('some_table', '*', {id => 1}, {for => \'update skip locked'});
 

select_p

  my $promise = $db->select_p($source, $fields, $where, \%options);

Same as ``select'', but performs all operations non-blocking and returns aMojo::Promise object instead of accepting a callback.

  $db->select_p(some_table => ['foo'] => {bar => 'yada'})->then(sub {    my $results = shift;    ...  })->catch(sub {    my $err = shift;    ...  })->wait;
 

tables

  my $tables = $db->tables;

Return table and view names for this database, that are visible to the currentuser and not internal, as an array reference.

  # Names of all tables  say for @{$db->tables};
 

unlisten

  $db = $db->unlisten('foo');  $db = $db->unlisten('*');

Unsubscribe from a channel, "*" can be used to unsubscribe from all channels. 

update

  my $results = $db->update($table, \%fieldvals, \%where, \%options);

Generate an "UPDATE" statement with ``abstract'' in Mojo::Pg (usually anSQL::Abstract::Pg object) and execute it with ``query''. You can alsoappend a callback to perform operations non-blocking.

  $db->update(some_table => {foo => 'baz'} => {foo => 'bar'} => sub {    my ($db, $err, $results) = @_;    ...  });  Mojo::IOLoop->start unless Mojo::IOLoop->is_running;

Use all the same argument variations you would pass to the "update" method ofSQL::Abstract.

  # "update some_table set foo = 'bar' where id = 23"  $db->update('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {id => 23});  # "update some_table set foo = {1,2,3} where id = 23"  $db->update('some_table', {foo => [1, 2, 3]}, {id => 23});  # "update some_table set foo = 'bar' where foo like '%test%'"  $db->update('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {foo => {-like => '%test%'}});  # "update some_table set foo = 'bar' where id = 23 returning id"  $db->update('some_table', {foo => 'bar'}, {id => 23}, {returning => 'id'});  # "update some_table set foo = '[1,2,3]' where bar = 23"  $db->update('some_table', {foo => {-json => [1, 2, 3]}}, {bar => 23});
 

update_p

  my $promise = $db->update_p($table, \%fieldvals, \%where, \%options);

Same as ``update'', but performs all operations non-blocking and returns aMojo::Promise object instead of accepting acallback.

  $db->update_p(some_table => {foo => 'baz'} => {foo => 'bar'})->then(sub {    my $results = shift;    ...  })->catch(sub {    my $err = shift;    ...  })->wait;
 

SEE ALSO

Mojo::Pg, Mojolicious::Guides, <https://mojolicious.org>.


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
EVENTS
close
notification
ATTRIBUTES
dbh
pg
results_class
METHODS
begin
delete
delete_p
disconnect
dollar_only
insert
insert_p
is_listening
listen
notify
pid
ping
query
query_p
select
select_p
tables
unlisten
update
update_p
SEE ALSO

This document was created byman2html,using the manual pages.