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MAN page from Fedora 16 sysvinit-tools-2.88-5.dsf.fc16.x86_64.rpm

SULOGIN

Section: Linux System Administrator's Manual (8)
Updated: 17 Jan 2006
Index 

NAME

sulogin - Single-user login 

SYNOPSIS

sulogin[ -e ][ -p ][ -t SECONDS ][ TTY ] 

DESCRIPTION

sulogincan be invoked by init(8) when the system goes into single user mode.(This is done through an entry in inittab(5).)Init alsotries to execute sulogin whenthe boot loader (e.g., grub(8))passes it the -b option.

The user is prompted

Give root password for system maintenance
(or type Control-D for normal startup):

sulogin will be connected to the current terminal, or to theoptional device that can be specified on the command line(typically /dev/console).

If the -t option is used then the program only waitsthe given number of seconds for user input.

If the -p option is used then the single-user shell is invokedwith a dash as the first character in argv[0].This causes the shell process to behave as a login shell.The default is not to do this,so that the shell will not read /etc/profileor $HOME/.profile at startup.

After the user exits the single-user shell,or presses control-D at the prompt,the system will (continue to) boot to the default runlevel. 

ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES

sulogin looks for the environment variable SUSHELL orsushell to determine what shell to start. If the environment variableis not set, it will try to execute root's shell from /etc/passwd. If thatfails it will fall back to /bin/sh.

This is very valuable together with the -b option to init. To bootthe system into single user mode, with the root file system mounted read/write,using a special "fail safe" shell that is statically linked (this exampleis valid for the LILO bootprompt)

boot: linux -b rw sushell=/sbin/sash 

FALLBACK METHODS

sulogin checks the root password using the standard method (getpwnam)first.Then, if the -e option was specified,sulogin examines these files directly to find the root password:

/etc/passwd,
/etc/shadow (if present)

If they are damaged or nonexistent, sulogin will start a root shellwithout asking for a password. Only use the -e option if youare sure the console is physically protected against unauthorized access. 

AUTHOR

Miquel van Smoorenburg <miquelsAATTcistron.nl> 

SEE ALSO

init(8), inittab(5).


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
ENVIRONMENT VARIABLES
FALLBACK METHODS
AUTHOR
SEE ALSO

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