MAN page from PCLinuxOS perl-podlators-4.70.0-3pclos2017.noarch.rpm


Section: User Contributed Perl Documentation (1)
Updated: 2016-03-20


pod2man - Convert POD data to formatted *roff input 


pod2man [--center=string] [--date=string] [--errors=style]
    [--fixed=font] [--fixedbold=font] [--fixeditalic=font]
    [--fixedbolditalic=font] [--name=name] [--nourls]
    [--official] [--quotes=quotes] [--release=version]
    [--section=manext] [--stderr] [--utf8] [--verbose]
    [input [output] ...]

pod2man --help 


pod2man is a front-end for Pod::Man, using it to generate *roff inputfrom POD source. The resulting *roff code is suitable for display on aterminal using nroff(1), normally via man(1), or printing using troff(1).

input is the file to read for POD source (the POD can be embedded incode). If input isn't given, it defaults to "STDIN". output, ifgiven, is the file to which to write the formatted output. If outputisn't given, the formatted output is written to "STDOUT". Several PODfiles can be processed in the same pod2man invocation (saving moduleload and compile times) by providing multiple pairs of input andoutput files on the command line.

--section, --release, --center, --date, and --official canbe used to set the headers and footers to use; if not given, Pod::Man willassume various defaults. See below or Pod::Man for details.

pod2man assumes that your *roff formatters have a fixed-width fontnamed "CW". If yours is called something else (like "CR"), use--fixed to specify it. This generally only matters for troff outputfor printing. Similarly, you can set the fonts used for bold, italic, andbold italic fixed-width output.

Besides the obvious pod conversions, Pod::Man, and therefore pod2man alsotakes care of formatting func(), func(n), and simple variable referenceslike $foo or @bar so you don't have to use code escapes for them; complexexpressions like $fred{'stuff'} will still need to be escaped, though.It also translates dashes that aren't used as hyphens into en dashes, makeslong dashes---like this---into proper em dashes, fixes ``paired quotes,'' andtakes care of several other troff-specific tweaks. See Pod::Man forcomplete information. 


-c string, --center=string
Sets the centered page header for the ".TH" macro to string. Thedefault is ``User Contributed Perl Documentation'', but also see--official below.
-d string, --date=string
Set the left-hand footer string for the ".TH" macro to string. Bydefault, the modification date of the input file will be used, or thecurrent date if input comes from "STDIN", and will be based on UTC (sothat the output will be reproducible regardless of local time zone).
Set the error handling style. "die" says to throw an exception on anyPOD formatting error. "stderr" says to report errors on standard error,but not to throw an exception. "pod" says to include a POD ERRORSsection in the resulting documentation summarizing the errors. "none"ignores POD errors entirely, as much as possible.

The default is "die".

The fixed-width font to use for verbatim text and code. Defaults to"CW". Some systems may want "CR" instead. Only matters for troff(1)output.
Bold version of the fixed-width font. Defaults to "CB". Only mattersfor troff(1) output.
Italic version of the fixed-width font (actually, something of a misnomer,since most fixed-width fonts only have an oblique version, not an italicversion). Defaults to "CI". Only matters for troff(1) output.
Bold italic (probably actually oblique) version of the fixed-width font.Pod::Man doesn't assume you have this, and defaults to "CB". Somesystems (such as Solaris) have this font available as "CX". Only mattersfor troff(1) output.
-h, --help
Print out usage information.
-l, --lax
No longer used. pod2man used to check its input for validity as amanual page, but this should now be done by podchecker(1) instead.Accepted for backward compatibility; this option no longer does anything.
-n name, --name=name
Set the name of the manual page for the ".TH" macro to name. Withoutthis option, the manual name is set to the uppercased base name of thefile being converted unless the manual section is 3, in which case thepath is parsed to see if it is a Perl module path. If it is, a path like".../lib/Pod/" is converted into a name like "Pod::Man". Thisoption, if given, overrides any automatic determination of the name.

Although one does not have to follow this convention, be aware that theconvention for UNIX man pages for commands is for the man page title to bein all-uppercase, even if the command isn't.

This option is probably not useful when converting multiple POD files atonce.

When converting POD source from standard input, this option is required,since there's otherwise no way to know what to use as the name of themanual page.

Normally, L<> formatting codes with a URL but anchor text are formattedto show both the anchor text and the URL. In other words:


is formatted as:

    foo <>

This flag, if given, suppresses the URL when anchor text is given, so thisexample would be formatted as just "foo". This can produce lesscluttered output in cases where the URLs are not particularly important.

-o, --official
Set the default header to indicate that this page is part of the standardPerl release, if --center is not also given.
-q quotes, --quotes=quotes
Sets the quote marks used to surround C<> text to quotes. Ifquotes is a single character, it is used as both the left and rightquote. Otherwise, it is split in half, and the first half of the stringis used as the left quote and the second is used as the right quote.

quotes may also be set to the special value "none", in which case noquote marks are added around C<> text (but the font is still changed fortroff output).

-r version, --release=version
Set the centered footer for the ".TH" macro to version. By default,this is set to the version of Perl you run pod2man under. Setting thisto the empty string will cause some *roff implementations to use thesystem default value.

Note that some system "an" macro sets assume that the centered footerwill be a modification date and will prepend something like ``Lastmodified: ''. If this is the case for your target system, you may want toset --release to the last modified date and --date to the versionnumber.

-s string, --section=string
Set the section for the ".TH" macro. The standard section numberingconvention is to use 1 for user commands, 2 for system calls, 3 forfunctions, 4 for devices, 5 for file formats, 6 for games, 7 formiscellaneous information, and 8 for administrator commands. There is a lotof variation here, however; some systems (like Solaris) use 4 for fileformats, 5 for miscellaneous information, and 7 for devices. Still othersuse 1m instead of 8, or some mix of both. About the only section numbersthat are reliably consistent are 1, 2, and 3.

By default, section 1 will be used unless the file ends in ".pm", inwhich case section 3 will be selected.

By default, pod2man dies if any errors are detected in the POD input.If --stderr is given and no --errors flag is present, errors aresent to standard error, but pod2man does not abort. This is equivalentto "--errors=stderr" and is supported for backward compatibility.
-u, --utf8
By default, pod2man produces the most conservative possible *roffoutput to try to ensure that it will work with as many different *roffimplementations as possible. Many *roff implementations cannot handlenon-ASCII characters, so this means all non-ASCII characters are convertedeither to a *roff escape sequence that tries to create a properly accentedcharacter (at least for troff output) or to "X".

This option says to instead output literal UTF-8 characters. If your*roff implementation can handle it, this is the best output format to useand avoids corruption of documents containing non-ASCII characters.However, be warned that *roff source with literal UTF-8 characters is notsupported by many implementations and may even result in segfaults andother bad behavior.

Be aware that, when using this option, the input encoding of your PODsource should be properly declared unless it's US-ASCII. Pod::Simple willattempt to guess the encoding and may be successful if it's Latin-1 orUTF-8, but it will warn, which by default results in a pod2man failure.Use the "=encoding" command to declare the encoding. See perlpod(1)for more information.

-v, --verbose
Print out the name of each output file as it is being generated.


As long as all documents processed result in some output, even if thatoutput includes errata (a "POD ERRORS" section generated with"--errors=pod"), pod2man will exit with status 0. If any of thedocuments being processed do not result in an output document, pod2manwill exit with status 1. If there are syntax errors in a POD documentbeing processed and the error handling style is set to the default of"die", pod2man will abort immediately with exit status 255. 


If pod2man fails with errors, see Pod::Man and Pod::Simple forinformation about what those errors might mean. 


    pod2man program > program.1    pod2man /usr/perl/man/man3/SomeModule.3    pod2man --section=7 note.pod > note.7

If you would like to print out a lot of man page continuously, you probablywant to set the C and D registers to set contiguous page numbering andeven/odd paging, at least on some versions of man(7).

    troff -man -rC1 -rD1 perl.1 perldata.1 perlsyn.1 ...

To get index entries on "STDERR", turn on the F register, as in:

    troff -man -rF1 perl.1

The indexing merely outputs messages via ".tm" for each major page,section, subsection, item, and any "X<>" directives. SeePod::Man for more details. 


Lots of this documentation is duplicated from Pod::Man. 


Pod::Man, Pod::Simple, man(1), nroff(1), perlpod(1),podchecker(1), perlpodstyle(1), troff(1), man(7)

The man page documenting the an macro set may be man(5) instead ofman(7) on your system.

The current version of this script is always available from its web site at<>. It is also part of thePerl core distribution as of 5.6.0. 


Russ Allbery <>, based very heavily on the originalpod2man by Larry Wall and Tom Christiansen. 


Copyright 1999, 2000, 2001, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2012, 2013, 2014,2015, 2016 Russ Allbery <>

This program is free software; you may redistribute it and/or modify itunder the same terms as Perl itself.




This document was created byman2html,using the manual pages.