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MAN page from OpenSuSE aaa_base-11.1-10007.19.2.i586.rpm

CHKCONFIG

Section: Maintenance Commands (8)
Updated: Oct 2006
Index 

NAME

chkconfig - enable or disable system services

 

SYNOPSIS

chkconfig-t|--terse[names]
chkconfig-s|--set[namestate]
chkconfig-e|--edit[names]
chkconfig-c|--checkname[state]
chkconfig-l|--list[--deps][names]
chkconfig-A|--allservices
chkconfig-a|--add[names]
chkconfig-d|--del[names]

 

DESCRIPTION

chkconfig is used to manipulate the runlevel links at boot time(seeinit.d(7)).It can be thought of as a frontend toinsserv(8).Chkconfig can run in six different modes: terse list mode, set mode,edit mode, list mode, add mode and delete mode. The last three modeswere added for compatiblity reasons. 

TERSE LIST MODE

This mode lists the state of the specified services, or all knownservices if no service name was provided. Every printed lineconsists of the name of the service and the runlevels theservice is configured for at the moment. If it is configured inno runlevel,offis used instead, if it is configured in the runlevels definedas a default by the start script,onis used. If the service is an enabled inetd or xinetd service,inetdandxinetdare used. Inetd/xinetd services are configured in/etc/inetd.dand/etc/xinetd.d,respectively. You can use the -Aor--allservicesparameter to get all services (even the boot.*-services) listed.

If chkconfig is called without arguments, all services are listedin terse mode. 

SET MODE

Set mode is used to configure at which runlevel a service shouldbe started. The arguments must be specified as pairs ofservice name and new state. You can useonandoffas special states to select the default set of runlevels or to disablea service completely. You can useinetdorxinetdto configure a service managed by the inetd/xinetd daemons.

Insserv can calculate dependencies for only one service at the sametime. To work around this limitation imposed by insserv, chkconfiguses the '-f' option of insserv when it reads the list of services fromstandard input. Note that --force switches off all dependency checksand could lead to depending services no longer working, use with care.

If no services are specified, chkconfig reads lines from standardinput. Each line must consist of a service/state pair. As this isexactly the output of the terse list mode, this can be used toreconfigure a service specification saved by a former run.

If the option-for--forceis also given, insserv is called with a '-f' option. 

EDIT MODE

This mode is a combination of the terse list mode and set mode.It writes the state of all specified services (or all knownservices, if no service was provided) into a temporary file,starts an editor and re-configures all services to reflect thestates of the changed temporary file. 

CHECK MODE

This mode can be used to check the state of a service.chkconfig exits with a return code of '0' if the service is enabledin all of the specified runlevels, otherwise the exit statusis '1'. If chkconfig is called with only a service name thecurrent runlevel of the system is used for checking. 

LIST MODE

List mode prints for each specified service a line that consistsof the service name and for runlevels zero to sixonoroffdepending if the service will be started or not.onwill be printed in bright green if the output is written to aterminal. If the--depsoption is given, the names of the services that must be startedbefore this service is appended to each line. The inetd/xinetdservices are listed in extra sections.

You can use the-Aor--allservicesparameter to get all services (even the boot.*-services) listed. 

ADD MODE

Calls insservto enable a service and uses list mode to display the newsetting afterwards. 

DEL MODE

Same as add mode, but disable the service. 

OTHER OPTIONS

When no service names are given on the command line, chkconfigdefaults to all known services excluding thosethat are not enabled in runlevels 1 to 6 and start with 'boot.'.Use the--allservicesor-Aoption if you want to see such services as well. 

EXAMPLES

chkconfig

list the runlevel configuration of all known services

chkconfig apache

list the runlevel configuration of the apache web server

chkconfig -t apache xntpd

list the runlevel configuration of the apache web server andthe network time protocol daemon.

chkconfig apache on

configure the apache web server to be started on next boot time.

chkconfig apache 5

configure the apache web server to be started only if thesystem reaches runlevel 5.

chkconfig apache 35

configure the apache web server for runlevel 3 and 5.

chkconfig apache on xntpd off

configure two services

chkconfig finger xinetd

configure a xinetd service

chkconfig -A >~root/chkconfig.save

backup the current configuration

chkconfig -s <~root/chkconfig.save

restore the configuration

chkconfig -e apache xntpd

change the runlevel configuration interactively

chkconfig -e

change the runlevel configuration of all services interactively

 

FILES

/etc/init.d/
path to the boot script base directory as required by the LinuxStandard Base Specification (LSB).
/etc/inetd.d/
path to the inetd services. See the inetd manpage to find outhow to enable this feature.
/etc/xinetd.d/
path to the xinetd services.

 

SEE ALSO

init.d(7),init(7),inetd(8)xinetd(8)insserv(8)

 

COPYRIGHT

2003 SuSE Linux AG, Nuernberg, Germany.

 

AUTHOR

Michael Schroeder <mlsAATTsuse.de>


 

Index

NAME
SYNOPSIS
DESCRIPTION
TERSE LIST MODE
SET MODE
EDIT MODE
CHECK MODE
LIST MODE
ADD MODE
DEL MODE
OTHER OPTIONS
EXAMPLES
FILES
SEE ALSO
COPYRIGHT
AUTHOR

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